Solar panel can also be referred to as the photovoltaic (PV) module, solar module or PV panel is said to be a packed, collection of photovoltaic cell. When it can to use, the solar panels can be used basically as a electronic chips of a big photovoltaic panels to generate and give out solar power in commercial and also to the residential applications as well. To have a good efficiency in on the solar output then you need to get the best location for the setup due to the energy production or the energy collection. The efficiency of a panel will always determine the place of a panel given the same rate of the amount to be sent out or the results. For an 8%effecient 230 watt panel will give a double place of 16%effecient 230watt panel. For a single solar panel the production of power will be limited while most of the installations will have multiple panels. The whole system of photovoltaic system to be complete you find the inverter, a battery, a solar tracker and also an interconnection wiring.
Different types of solar panels
There are different types of solar panels that will cater for your needs according to the space that you intend to use for the installation, the extent of energy you want to trap and also the budget that you have to buy the solar panels as they will go with different prices because they have different outfit. Below are the examples of the solar panels.
Monocrystal solar panels; these are basically crystalline silicon formed in a big sheet which is shaved to the size of the panel to make one big single cell. Metal strips are places on the cell to cover it acting as a conductor that its work is to capture electrons. This kind of panels are said to be a bit efficient that the polycrystalline panels but they don’t usually sell at a higher price than the polycrystalline panels.
Polycrystalline panels; this kind of panels are quit less efficient than the monocrystalline panels and they usually use a bunch of small cells that are put together instead of using one large cell like in the other types of solar panels. When you go to the producers they will say that they are the most cheap to produce but naturally they almost range at the same pricing.
Ways to make the poly crystalline silicon cell
There are various ways to help make the crystalline silicon cell
Cast polysilicon; in this process, the molten silicon is spread in a large block then cooled to be cut to wafers that are then used in the photovoltaic cells. The cells are put together in a panel then with the safely kept conducting metals the cells are covered with it to connect to each other then form a nonstop electrical current all the way through the panel.
String collected ribbon silicon; here there are various processes of polycrystalline output that is involved but the identical molten silicon which slowly draws a slight strip of the crystalline silicon away from the raw molten figure. Just like in the above process the strings are then put together the panel that has the same metal conductor strips that attaches each strip to the electrical current. According to research the string trimming solar systems are a bit cheaper of the manufacturing side as compared to the cast polysilicon method this can be determined by the fact that the various string ribbon process also are at the higher side when it comes to efficiency than the other polycrystalline technologies.
Thin film panels; this kind of panels are made very different as compared to the production of the crystalline panels. Since the silicon has no crystalline structure and the application direct to the structures can be done then molding, drawing or even slicing crystalline silicon is not necessary at any point. The biggest advantage about the thin film panel is that they lie in their low manufacturing costs and versatility. Now that the amorphous silicon and the similar semiconductors don’t depend on the long and the expensive process that is involved in creating silicon crystals this makes tem to be produced very easily and very quickly as well. It is also very possible to make flexible solar panels due to their application to thin layers and to different materials. Having seen the advantage, there is also a very significant disadvantage compared to the rest of the solar panels, they are the least efficient type of solar panel that is available I the market at the moment. Due to the impurities involved from the silicon, there is usually a drop when it comes to efficiency and can happen in a very short period of time.
To get power to your home is easy and both the mono and polycrystalline panels are good and can be used as their higher efficiency and the durability known to be great will make them the best and the first option. Mono-crystalline is quite cheaper but the prices are almost the same and no big difference that could make you choose one because of the price difference.
Basically, there are many questions that you will ask yourself when it comes to the solar panels and they might be hard to answer but with the help of some description below this kind of questions has their answers right there. Some of these questions can also be answered by the manufacturers so it’s usually advisable to have as many questions as possible when you are purchasing the solar panels so as to make sure that al the information needed is given for a better installation of the solar panels.
What are solar panels made of?
To construct the solar panel you need the crystalline silicon which is used in other industries, like the micro processor industry not forgetting the expensive gallium arsenide which is made purposely for using in the photovoltaic solar cells. There is also another way to make the solar panels; this is by depositing the amorphous silicon alloy in a non ending roll to roll process. The kind of cells that are gotten from this kind of the make are called the amorphous silicon solar cells and they are more durable, efficient and thinner than the so called their crystalline counterparts. There are specific cells that are made for specific solar projects like the space probes which rely on solar energy a lot and they are basically constructed from the gallium arsenide and the process is known called the molecular beam epitaxial. The kind of solar panels made through this process are basically all expensive to be applied on daily basis. Most of the new solar panels are having the new technology coming to play and they function on the molecular or quantum level. To create these kinds of solar panels and implantation of the carbonated nano-tubes or even quantum dots into a treated plastic is done. The production costs for these are not so high and unlike the silicon based solar panels, they do not must to be constructed in a furnish room. There are also the plastic solar panels that have an operational efficiency of about 11% this is on their silicon mostly based counterparts.
How much power do solar panels produce?
As we all know the source of the solar energy is from sun and without the sun it is not possible to have the solar power at any given time and by any means. Solar panels directly exposed on the sun will always attract the most energy making it a good and reliable source of energy. Due to the earths atmosphereric interface,terran solar panels can’t perform like the solar panels exposed directly to the suns rays. Solar cells that have taken many years in operation will never be that efficient as with time it might end up wearing out and losing its efficiency, the excess energy produced is then send to the thermally very conductive matter as infrared heat. Again, the amount of solar panels power its usually determined by the quality of the solar panel that you went for from the shop not forgetting the materials and the technology used in making them as well. The total time the solar panel has been in use also determines the quantity of solar power produced. When purchasing the solar panels always have the size of the solar panel as the first option to look for as this will determines a lot in the power production as well. So it’s good to compare the prices per watt ratio.
Where does solar energy come from?
The source of the solar energy will always come from the sun .the sun encounters the continues stream of the thermonuclear step by step explosions that come inform of hydrogen atoms that are fused into helium atoms then the resultant energy as radiation is encountered that then strikes the surface of the earth. The solar panels take over to convert this into a useful energy that then is stored in batteries for our use. Since the solar energy strikes the earth each and every day, then the solar panels are able to capture the energy and make it of use all through the year without nay shortage to the modern world which is busy utilizing the energy.
How efficient are solar panels?
Solar panels will produce less than 14% on the people’s houses unlike the DSIs solar panels that convert up to 22% on the energy they have into the electrical power there are fore making the DSI solar panels more efficient unless the ion propulsion drive is running then the DSI is producing far more power than the need be.
Do solar panels wear out?
Solar panels will wear out but after a very long period of time as they are usually very hardy. The effectiveness of the solar panel will decrease with a very low rate of about 1 to 2 percent n a year. This makes you confident in running the project as after five years the solar panel energy production rate will be up to even 90 percent of what was even made at the beginning of the whole project of energy production. This should only happen if the solar panel is still at the same position direct place facing the sun. There are basically two main dangers of the solar panel wear and tear; there are the solar flares that are not expected and can damage the electronics inside the panel and also the micrometeorites which are small bits of rocks can end up scratching the solar panel and this can b prevented by a thick layer of glass. Having in mind that the solar panels will work well in the sun its usefulness goes to missing due to lack of what makes its existence.
How do solar panels convert the suns energy into electricity?
Solar panels a made up of solar cells that play the biggest part in power production. These solar cells are attached by wire to a circuit. A cell being a small disk of a semiconductor like silicon, the light strikes the semiconductor light is converted into electricity that then flows through the circuit and the power is produced.
Basically, solar panels are usually said to be the backbone or the source of the solar energy production and they are the only way to trap the solar energy from the sun. Solar panels are of many types and you get to chose the one that suite your work load and the surface that you are having for the installation of the whole thing. For the solar panel to work well it should be maintained to the highest degree to make sure that the lifespan of the solar panel does not shorten as this may take you back to the shops before the planned time. Always get the solar panel that can hold the load of work you intend to give so as to make sure that there are no interruptions of the on and off of the solar power.